Leather basics


These are written to be for furniture, but good start for fashion purpose leather, too.

Nubuk vs suede


  • Full grain leather: The highest quality leather, made from the top layer of the hide with its natural grain intact.
  • Top grain leather: Similar to full grain but with a slight alteration, often sanded or buffed to remove imperfections.
  • Nubuck: A type of leather with a velvety texture, created by buffing or sanding the outer surface of leather.
  • Pigmented leather: Leather coated with a pigment or dye, providing a uniform color and added protection.
  • Suede: Soft and velvety leather made from the underside of the animal hide, known for its texture and appearance.
  • Dry milled leather: Leather processed by tumbling in a rotating drum without moisture, resulting in a soft and textured surface.
  • Nappa leather: A soft, smooth, and supple leather often made from sheepskin or lambskin, prized for its luxurious feel.
  • Crust leather: Untreated or partially treated leather ready for further processing or finishing.
  • Pull-up leather: Leather that lightens in color when stretched or pulled, revealing natural oils and enhancing its distressed appearance.
  • Patent leather: Glossy and shiny leather coated with a high-gloss finish, typically used in dress shoes or accessories.
  • Aniline leather: High-quality leather dyed with soluble dyes, retaining the natural surface characteristics such as wrinkles and scars.


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